No toast message specified.

Life and living

Natural Sciences

After this lesson, the learner should be able to:

  • Explain what a vertebrate is 
  • Define the terms 'exoskeleton' and 'endoskeleton'
  • Explain what bones, joints and cartilage are in the context of vertebral skeletons 
  • Identify bones, joints and cartilage in x-rays and images 
  • List the major bones comprising a vertebral skeleton
  • Describe the functions of the major bones comprising a vertebral skeleton