No toast message specified.

Chemical change


After this lesson, you should be able to:

  • Give the standard conditions for standard electrode potentials to be determined
  • Describe the standard hydrogen electrode and explain its role as the reference electrode
  • Explain how standard electrode potentials can be determined based on the reference electrode
  • Calculate the emf of a standard galvanic cell using the Table of Standard Reduction Potentials
  • Understand a positive emf as indicating that the reaction is spontaneous

Book a free consultation

And let us know how we can help!

+27 10 020 8570

Tell us about yourself

Tell us about the student

Terms and Conditions

Privacy Policy

Tell us about your needs

Reasons for interest

Delete user profile

In order for this account to be deleted, please enter the OTP that was emailed to you. The user data will be permanently deleted from the system.

In order for your account to be deleted, please enter the OTP provided by your Parent/Guardian.


Rate Content

Choose an option below: